(Arab. Libas, Malbas, Turk. Kılık-Kıyafet)
Clothing and accessories of the sort customarily worn on the Arabian Peninsula during the pre-Islamic continued to be worn following the introduction of Islam as well. It is written in the Qur’an: ‘O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. But the clothing of righteousness – that is best.’ (7:26). Other verses read: ‘O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid [mosque]’ (7:31), and: ‘Say, “Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has produced for His servants and the good [lawful] things of provision?”‘ (7:32). This demonstrates that not only that the attire itself is important but its aesthetic dimension as well.
The sources are silent as to whether Muhammad, following his calling as Prophet, made any changes whatsoever to his own clothing. A verse from the early stage of the revelation reads: ‘And your clothing purify’ (74:4). There are statements by Muhammad, however, in which he criticised some of the dress preferences among the men and women around him as not suitable to the clothing style of the time (cf. Bukhari; Malik Ibn Anas). Based on the hadiths on the subject, in the view of the majority of Muslims, there are three basic principles applicable to clothing: 1) coverage of the genitals, 2) cleanliness and beauty in garments, 3) avoidance of pomp.
In keeping with these rules, down through history, Muslims have developed different forms of clothing in keeping with various cultural and geographic conditions.
İsmail Hakkı Ünal