(Arab. Hayat, Turk. Hayat)
In Islamic philosophy and theology, it was assumed that one can speak of life whenever a being has a soul. Plants and animals are alive because they have a vegetative or sensitive soul. Above and beyond this, because the human is a reflective being, it possesses reason as well.
Where the Qur’an addresses the stages of creation of humankind, it is said that in the last stage of creation, God breathed His soul into man, who was first shaped from clay; it was then that the human being came to life (38:72 15:28‑29). Some Sufi scholars in particular have thus taken the view that it is divine breath that brings all creatures to life. According to the Qur’an, God is the source of life. God is life (al‑Haiy) and maintains life (al‑Qaiyum). Muslim philosophers and theologians have argued that life in the universe demonstrates the existence of the living God, and that He is in possession of wisdom, will and omnipotence.
Just as life is given by God, it is also ends according to His will. This is why the killing of a person is an offence against divine law. Such a sin would essentially amount to the destruction of mankind (5:32). This is why life is a maximum value in Islam, one that must be protected.
This post is also available in Turkish.